Chemical peeling a process of application of exfoliating agents to the skin to produce controlled ablation of partial thickness of skin. Normally weak acids are applied for this purpose which is followed by subsequent resurfacing, remodeling, replacement of normal tissue. The depth of peels may be very superficial, superficial, medium and deep. The long term experience with chemical peels has shown it to be safe and effective procedure for a variety of conditions like hyperpigmentation, photoaging, acne, wrinkles and scars.
What is glycolic acid peel?
Glycolic acid is the best known fruit acid which is a member of alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) family. Glycolic acid is derived from sugar cane. Glycolic acid works as an exfoliating agent because of its high acidity but easy solubility. Glycolic acid goes under the damaged upper layers of skin and destroys the 'glue' which holds dead skin to the surface revealing a smooth and healthier skin. Glycolic acid works well on all skin types. It is used for sun damaged skin, pigmentation and loss of elasticity of skin.
What is lactic acid peel?
Lactic acid is another member of alpha-hydroxy acids family. It is milder than glycolic acid and is more helpful in hyperpigmentation. Lactic acid is derived from milk and it provided more hydration to skin. This type of peel results in quick results without any downtime in cases of dull, blotchy and lifeless skin. It works to remove dead skin cells and leaves the skin glowing and radiant, diminishing the fine lines and wrinkles.What is a salicylic acid peel? Salicylic acid is a beta-hydroxy acid (BHA), which is a highly effective superficial peeling agent, oil reducer and pore cleanser. Salicylic acid is one of the most effective ingredients to combat the cause of facial oil, acne and blemishes. It reduces the number of pore blockages and breakouts on the oily skin making it the perfect peel for acne prone and blemished skin.
What is the treatment like?
During a chemical peel, a deep cleanser, toner and a prepping solution (pH balanced) is applied to skin. Afterwards an acidic solution is painted on the skin, allowed to work for a few minutes, and neutralized/rinsed off. Treated skin then flakes or peels off over several days. You may experience slight stinging or tingling while the acid is on the skin. The skin may turn pink, but will return to its normal color within 1 to 2 days.
What are the side effects?Superficial peels are quite safe, although minor irritation and reddening of the skin can occur.
How many treatments are required?
Normally 4-6 treatments separated at weekly/bi-weekly intervals are required depending upon the condition being treated and the desired results.
Pre-peel care:Avoid sun exposure and use sunscreen. Do not do bleach, wax, massage, depilation, scrubs at least 1 week before treatment.
Use sunscreen and/or avoid sun exposure. Apply calamine lotion in a moisturizer base if stinging sensations persist. Use moisturizer for tightness feeling in the skin. Do not pick, peel, scratch, rub or scrub the skin.